How Industries use Pumps to get things done

What some people do not know about water pumps is that they are not a simple category of discussion when it comes to corporate decisions on purchases. Purchasing a pump is as complicated as buying a car or choosing the right company to do business with because in essence, those parts have to come from somewhere. Let’s say that you work in any engineering business and your company is in need of several pumps for various applications. You need to find Industrial Pump distributor for your business. Unfortunately, this is not a simple task because your decision would result in a future cooperation with a specific company.

The Complexity of Pump Selection

Some people may not realize that discussions about water pumps go beyond mere technicalities. Purchasing a pump is akin to buying a car or selecting the ideal business partner, primarily because these essential components must come from reliable sources. Imagine you’re part of an engineering business, and your company requires multiple pumps for various applications. The process of finding the right Industrial Pump distributor for your business is not a straightforward task. Your choice will determine your future cooperation with a specific company, making it a decision of paramount importance.

The Role of Reviews and Clientele

To ensure that you make an informed choice when selecting a pump supplier, it’s wise to consider factors like reviews and clientele. These are telltale signs of a company’s reputation and reliability. In this regard, Vijay Engineering stands out as the best supplier for acquiring a Centrifugal Pump in India. Our extensive clientele and consistently positive reviews are a testament to our commitment to customer satisfaction.

Affordability and Quality

One of the key factors that set Vijay Engineering apart is our unwavering commitment to offering high-quality products at affordable prices. Our competitive pricing ensures that clients get value for their money without overpaying. We firmly believe in transparent, ethical business practices, and our goal is to provide the right solutions for your business without hidden costs or inflated prices.

Uncompromising Quality Assurance

When it comes to pumps, quality is non-negotiable. Pumps are the workhorses of various industries, and their reliability is crucial to maintaining the efficiency of industrial processes. At Vijay Engineering, we understand the importance of supplying top-quality pumps that meet and exceed industry standards. Our pumps are rigorously tested and approved by multiple quality benchmarks. This means that the pumps we provide do not break down or deteriorate over time, ensuring that your operations run smoothly.

A Partnership for Success

Our commitment to quality and affordability doesn’t just end at the point of sale.

To rest assured that you have made the right choice in deciding which company to do business with, simply default to the company with the best reviews and the largest clientele. 

We are the best supplier for acquisition of a Centrifugal Pump in India seeing as how our clients are plentiful and are always satisfied with the products that we supply them with. Furthermore, we insist that our prices are low and affordable, given that we are not going out of our way to scam our clients into paying more than they absolutely have to. At Vijay Engineering it is all about helping you find the right deal for your own business.

But not to digress, the importance of finding the right pump lies in the quality guarantee as well as the price. Seeing as how we already noted that our prices are the most profitable, we must assure you that the quality of the parts we supply has been relentlessly tested and approved by many standards. Our pumps simply do not break down or get damaged over time. Once you purchase a part from us, you can rest easy that you will not be disappointed. If anything, you will return for more. Browse our website today and see for yourself.

Vertical Multistage pumps and what makes them interesting!

The thing about multistage centrifugal pumps is that it is a topic of rare frequency in conversation. You simply do not hear enough about this particular topic to know much about the application or the acquisition of pumps.Vertical multistage pumps are the solutions to the space constraint in the vicinity.

Understanding the Multistage Magic

Before delving into vertical multistage pumps, let’s briefly grasp the concept of multistage centrifugal pumps. These pumps are designed to overcome the limitations of traditional single-stage pumps by incorporating multiple impellers or stages. Each stage adds energy to the fluid being pumped, resulting in higher pressure and more efficient operation. Now, let’s take a closer look at vertical multistage pumps.

Multistage Horizontal Pumps are very difficult to find a good pump of the sort and furthermore it is impossible to guarantee that even a high quality pump will not break down after a while. After all, these pumps are subjected to great pressure and they cannot be expected to operate fully forever. We ensure that you buy the pumps that will work the longest and will be the smartest choice for your particular business. Do not save money by purchasing pumps yourself, privately, because in the long run you will lose more money repairing the faulty parts that you have acquired. Trust our judgement and visit our website today

The Assurance of Quality

When it comes to acquiring pumps, quality is paramount. Vertical multistage pumps offer the advantage of longevity and durability. These pumps are built to withstand the rigours of constant pressure and operation, ensuring they serve your business reliably over an extended period.

Trust in Our Expertise

In the world of vertical multistage pumps, trust is paramount. Trust in the quality of the pumps you acquire, trust in their reliability, and trust in the expertise of those guiding you. When faced with space constraints or the need for efficient, compact solutions, visit our website and put your trust in us. We’ll ensure you find the perfect vertical multistage pump that not only works the longest but also proves to be the smartest choice for your unique business needs.


What are the advantages of vertical multistage pump?
Vertical multistage pumps offer several advantages, including efficient space utilization, high energy efficiency, reliable performance across varying flow rates and pressures, ease of installation and maintenance, and suitability for applications with limited horizontal space.

What are the applications of vertical pump?

Vertical pumps are commonly used in various applications, including industrial, municipal, and agricultural settings. Some key applications include water supply and distribution, wastewater treatment, irrigation, power generation, and oil and gas production. These pumps are particularly suitable for situations where space constraints or depth requirements make a vertically-oriented pump more practical and efficient.

Introducing KBL’s DBXe


Introducing KBL’s DBXe

KBL (Kirloskar Brothers Limited) is a leading company when it comes to fluid management. Its capability spans industries such as water supply, power generation, irrigation, oil and gas, marine and defense etc.

The DBXe is KBL’s highly successful end suction pump mainly used for clean, low-viscosity liquids free from suspended impurities, available with any Kirloskar authorised dealer. The pump has a capacity of up to 550 cubic meters per hour and offers a head of up to 100 meters. 

VEMC is the leading Kirloskar dealer in Mumbai, and in this blog, we tell you all you need to know about the DBXe pump.

Key features

The DBXe is one of the most outstanding pumps available in the market and has some of the most competitive construction and operational features:

  • The delivery size of the DBXe is 32 to 150 mm.
  • The working pressure of the pump is 16 kg per square centimeter (MAWP).
  • It operates at speeds of 1450 & 2900 rpm and 1760 & 3500 rpm.
  • It can operate within a temperature range of -10 to 90 degrees C.
  • The pump casing is made of cast iron. It has centerline delivery with a self-venting design, providing smooth hydraulic passage, and ensuring utmost efficiency. 
  • The enclosed impellers are statically as well as dynamically balanced.
  • Anti-friction ball bearings support the shaft of the pump. Its critical speed is much above the operating speed. The shaft is machined and ground to maintain its concentricity and is protected from the liquid using an ‘O’ ring and a shaft sleeve.
  • The stuffing box is sealed using gland packing or mechanical seal.
  • The bearings are pre-lubricated and grease sealed.
  • The pump has a dry shaft design and rotates in the clockwise direction when viewed from the driving end.
  • The DBXe has a flexible jaw-type spacer coupling.
  • The pump can be driven using both an electric motor and an engine. 
  • Due to its back pull-out type design and interchangeability of components, repair and maintenance are easy and low cost. 

Applications and Industries

As mentioned above, the DBXe is used to process clean low-viscosity liquids (up to 20 cSt). The temperature range of the pumped liquid could be -10 to 120 degrees C. Some of the most common applications of the DBXe are:

  1. Water supply
  2. Sprinkling
  3. Swimming pool water
  4. Industrial water
  5. Firefighting
  6. Condensate
  7. Air conditioning
  8. Cooling water
  9. Clear juice
  10. Drinking water

An eco-friendly pump

KBL always puts a huge premium on designing environment-friendly equipment and the DBXe is no exception. With its centerline delivery and self-venting design, the pump is one of the most energy-efficient systems out there. The robust cast iron construction and anti-friction ball bearings mean utmost durability and reliability which precludes frequent repair and replacement of the pump. 
VEMC is an authorized Kirloskar submersible pump dealer based out of Mumbai. To learn more about the KBL DBXe pumps and find out whether they suit your needs, get in touch with our team of experts at 022 43436655 or email us at

Why the Performance Witness Test is Important for Centrifugal Pumps

Performance witness test is the procedure to establish the integrity of a pump and keep a record for future reference. It is necessary to ensure the pump meets industry standards and is compliant with various norms and regulations. Very often some technical snags and issues also surface during a performance witness test. 

VEMC is the leading Kirloskar Pump Distributor based out of Mumbai

In This Blog, We Explain Why A Performance Witness Test Is Important For Your Centrifugal Pump.

Verification Of Design Specifications

A performance witness test enables a user to verify first-hand the various design specifications of the pump, as promised by the supplier. The data generated during the test could be plotted on a graph to ascertain whether the pump is performing satisfactorily within the expected limits. The pump must be run long enough in order to stabilise it and test it at raised temperatures.

Detection Of Defects And Malfunctions

As any Kirloskar pump distributor will explain, testing the mechanical integrity of the pump is another important reason to carry out a performance witness test. This ensures that the pump operates satisfactorily with no defects or problems at higher temperature and vibration levels. During the test, the pump is checked for possible leaks from parts such as gaskets and seals. 

Identification Of Operational Problems

Data is plotted to identify any possible problems while running the pump. Operational issues such as misalignment, or their symptoms such as unexpected vibrations or excessive noise can be identified and corrected once the pump is put through a thorough performance witness test. Your Kirloskar pump distributor most likely will also provide pump AMC services and can be of great help in this regard.

Determination Of Energy Efficiency

A performance witness test culminates in the drafting of statistical reports which help determine the efficiency of your pump. The performance curve for instance has energy curves and efficiency curves among many others. These curve helps identify any efficiency-related issues such as overconsumption of electricity.

Documentation Of Performance

One of the most significant outputs of performance witness tests is the documentation of results. This can be of great value for future reference, especially in case of a pump breakdown, poor performance, or reduced efficiency. In other words, this acts as a medical history of sorts for your centrifugal pump!

Compliance With Industry Standards

Your centrifugal pump must comply with a number of industry standards which mostly signify optimum performance and efficiency. Some of these industry standards are:

  • Hydraulic Institute (HI) “vertical pump tests”, ANSI/HI 2.6-1994
  • ASME Power Test Codes (PTC) 8.2-1990
  • American Petroleum Institue (API) Standard 610
  • HI “Centrifugal Pump Tests” ANSI/HI 1.6-2000

If you are looking to get your centrifugal pump performance tested, get in touch with VEMC today. We are the leading Industrial Water Pumps Dealers In Mumbai and have a proven track record of excellence in AMC services. We take pride in being the most reputed Kirloskar Pump Distributor across the country. Give us a call at 022 43436655 or email us at

Five Ways to Maintain a Centrifugal Pump

 Centrifugal Pump

Maintaining your centrifugal pumps can extend the life of your pumps, reduce operation costs and minimise the chances of a sudden breakdown. With proper maintenance, you are also able to keep a record of all the problems arising in the pump which can help you zero in on future problems easily. VEMC is the leading Industrial Water Pump Dealer in Mumbai.

In This Blog, We Take You Through 5 Ways In Which You Can Ensure Comprehensive Maintenance Of Your Centrifugal Pump. 

1. Proper Lubrication

The failure of bearings is mostly caused by lubrication or the lack of it. Make sure you are lubricating the pump just enough. Over-lubrication can be as harmful to the pump as under-lubrication by creating solids on the bearings and making them run at higher temperatures.

2. Regular Inspection

Make sure you are regularly checking the pump for leaks, excessive vibrations, lubrication, and discharge pressure. Maintain a log register of your inspections and note any remarkable changes or faults. This way you can ensure proper upkeep and identify the problem instantly in case of a breakdown.

3. Control The Pump’s Operating Conditions

While the pump is working, a number of parameters like temperature, pressure and vibrations need to be kept under check. Usually, a pump will exhibit a rise in temperature while operating but watch out for overheating to prevent damage to parts. Likewise, determine the optimum flow range of your pump (represented by parameters like BEP, POR and AOR). As much as possible, make sure that your pump doesn’t operate beyond this acceptable range. 

4. Proper Alignment

Misalignment of your centrifugal pump can cause a number of problems like greater wear and tear, leakage, excessive vibration, noise, higher maintenance costs, lower energy efficiency, and even early failure. These issues can be avoided by ensuring the proper alignment of your pump.   For this, station your pump on a solid foundation which is at least thrice the mass of your pumping system. Affix the pump with cement grout or epoxy to eliminate any movement and misalignment during operations. 

Besides, monitor the shaft alignment of your pump regularly as well, to avoid any disproportionate stress and strain. In case the pump is functioning at a higher temperature, the likelihood of thermal expansion will demand greater attention to pump alignment.

5. Regular Maintenance

All said and done, regular maintenance of your centrifugal pumps is absolutely indispensable. While this may seem like an annoying overhead on your operations costs, it actually helps save you from a sudden breakdown which may cause longer downtime and serious business losses. Setting up a comprehensive preventative maintenance regime along the lines suggested by your dealer can contribute to longer pump life, better efficiency and reduced downtime. As the top Industrial Water Pump Dealer in Mumbai, VEMC provides AMC services and can also help you maintain your pumps better.

VEMC is the leading industrial water pump dealer in Mumbai. We pride ourselves in electromechanical engineering products like pumps, compressors and control panels. If you are looking to buy an Industrial Pump in Mumbai, get in touch with us by calling 022 43436655 or emailing us at

Centrifugal Pump Types & Common Applications

Centrifugal Pump

Centrifugal pumps are used across sectors in a variety of operations. These include construction, chemical manufacturing, food processing, etc. The rapidly rotating impeller of the pump boosts the velocity of fluids and pushes them out with force. A specially designed casing ensures the fluid remains constricted within, directs it to pass through the impeller and controls the flow on its way out effectively. VEMC is one of the leading Kirloskar Pump Dealers based in Mumbai and in this blog, we tell you all you need to know about centrifugal pumps.

How A Centrifugal Pump Works:

Centrifugal pumps have a fairly simple way of operating, as any Kirloskar pump dealer can brief you. These pumps have one or two impellers attached to the shaft of a rotary pump. Once the shaft turns, impellers also start to rotate. This converts the mechanical energy into the kinetic energy of the moving fluids. The rotating impellers thus move the pumped liquids along the spinning vanes, enhancing their velocity.

Basic Parts Of A Centrifugal Pump

    • Impeller is the most basic part of any centrifugal pump. These have a series of curved vanes which are usually sandwiched between two discs. 

    • On the opposite side, the impeller is connected to a motor through a shaft. The motor rotates the impeller at a high velocity, boosting the liquid’s flow rate. 

    • The casing of the pump is another important feature of a centrifugal pump’s construction. This is of two types: volute and diffuser. Both designs aim to keep the flow under a controlled discharge rate.

Types Of Centrifugal Pumps

The two major types of centrifugal pumps are:

    • Axial

    • Radial

Axial and radial pumps have only one basic distinction –– their orientation. A radial centrifugal pump pushes the liquid out through a downstream piping. On the other hand, an axial pump generates the pressure through a lifting effect of the vanes. Both radial and axial centrifugal pumps are available with VEMC –– the leading Kirloskar Pump Distributor in Mumbai.

Single-stage, two-stage and multi-stage pumps. On the basis of the number of impellers in a pump, we have 3 types:

    1. Single-Stage: 

As the name suggests, this pump has only one impeller. The simplicity of design allows for easy maintenance. These pumps are best suited for low-pressure operations.

   2. Two-Stage: 

Twin impellers present within the casing rotate in tandem and process the liquid at a high speed. It is suited for medium-head operations.

    3. Multi-Stage: 

Three or more impellers are used in these pumps to boost the liquid at maximum efficiency. These are best for high-head operations.

Common Industrial Centrifugal Pump Applications:

A number of domestic and industrial applications make use of centrifugal pumps. Some of the most important operations where centrifugal pumps find the greatest use are:

    • Sewage disposal

    • Oil and gas operations

    • Chemical processing

    • Food and beverage processing

    • Fire safety systems


For more information on industrial water pumps in Mumbai, call us on 022 43436655 or email us at We at VEMC are the leading industrial water pump suppliers in Mumbai. We are also the top-notch Kirloskar submersible pump dealers in the country and pride ourselves on over 70 years of rich experience in pumping.

How to Install Mechanical Seal in an End Suction Centrifugal Pump

End Suction Centrifugal Pump

Centrifugal pumps have a rotating shaft that sticks out from the back of the pump casing through a seal chamber or stuffing box. The mechanical seal is needed to prevent fluid from leaking into the atmosphere along this shaft. Failure of these mechanical seals can have serious implications for the pump’s safety and reliability. It is therefore very important to install the seal properly.

How a Mechanical Seal Works in an End Suction Centrifugal Pump

A mechanical seal needs two smooth and flat seal faces in contact, one that is rotating with the shaft and another that is stationary with the casing. The faces are sealed to their holders using secondary seals. These are flexible so that they’re placed in contact and move to compensate for any misalignments or wear and tear. The faces however need lubrication to function at their best.

Steps for Installing a Mechanical Seal in Centrifugal Pumps

Here are 7 simple steps to follow when you are installing or replacing a mechanical seal in end suction centrifugal pumps:

1. Make sure the power is off

Make sure you cut the power so that the motor is not in motion. It’s even better to be doubly sure by cutting the main supply so that the motor may not start up while you’re working on it. 

2. Isolate the fluid from the pump

Next up, shut both inlet and outlet isolation valves and drain the pump casing by removing the drain plug.

3. Dismantle the pump

Use a wrench to unscrew the bolts holding the housing of the pump in place. Detach the pump carefully and keep the bolts safe for reassembly later.

4. Identify the stuffing box arrangement

If the pump is of the back pull-out design, remove the spacer element in the coupling, remove the casing bolts and pull the pump away from the casing. You can then access the seal without having to disconnect the casing from the piping. 

In case the pump is not a ‘back pull-out design, you’ll have to completely disconnect the pump after you disconnect the coupling between the pump and shaft. If the pump is a close-coupled design, you’ll have to remove the entire pump.

5. Remove the impeller

Dismantle the impeller of the pump. You can find the seal located on the shaft behind the impeller. Detach the shaft by holding it in place using a wrench and then rotate the impeller to unscrew it.

6. Detach the old seal

After removing the impeller, you can access both the rotary and stationary seal parts. The parts are usually held in place with screws all along the shaft. Remove the screw and pull away the rotary seal parts, and then remove the stationary part of the seal.

7. Replace the seal

Now place the replacement seal parts along the shaft. Push the stationary part into the casing using a new o-ring or gasket material. 
For any guidance on your centrifugal pumps, including all your sealing needs, feel free to speak to our experts at 022 43436655 or email us at We at VEMC are authorised Kirloskar dealer based in Mumbai and deal in a range of Kirloskar centrifugal pumps including multistage centrifugal pumps, (also called horizontal multistage pumps).

How to Calculate Total Dynamic Head for an Industrial Pump

TDH for an Industrial Pump

The total Dynamic Head in an industrial pump refers to the total pressure when water is flowing in a particular system. It has two parts: the vertical rise and friction loss. In this blog, we explain to you the complete calculation of the TDH. So let’s get started.

Broadly, the TDH of a pump can be calculated by following these steps:

  1. Calculate the value of the vertical rise 
  2. Find out the friction losses in the system as the water passes through the pipe and other components
  3. Add both these values to arrive at the TDH.
  • How to calculate the vertical rise:

As the name suggests, this parameter seeks to calculate the distance up to which the liquid has to rise from its starting point in the system below to the endpoint. If the liquid level at the bottom goes down, the vertical rise will naturally increase. Likewise, in case the level of liquid rises at the bottom, it has to rise over a shorter distance to reach the endpoint, and hence the vertical rise will decrease. With the increase of the value of vertical rise, the TDH also increases.

  • How to calculate friction loss:

To find out the friction loss, it is necessary to calculate the desired flow. The greater the flow going through your pipes more will be the loss due to friction. Friction loss also depends on the type of pipe in use, its vertical and horizontal length, and its schedule. You must also factor in the elbows, valves, connectors, or other components that come in contact with the liquid, and hence contribute to the friction loss. 

  • The result: Total Dynamic Head calculation:

As stated earlier, TDH is simply the summation of vertical rise and friction loss. To arrive at the TDH value, first ensure both are in the same units of length, say feet. For instance, if the vertical rise in the worst-case scenario is 25 feet, and the friction loss of the system is 6 feet, the TDH value would be 31 feet.

  • Alternative scenario:

Always considers the worst-case scenario in case of vertical rise to ensure you have sufficient amount of TDH. For instance, in the above case, if the water level never goes below 5 feet, the vertical rise will always be 20 feet and hence the TDH value will only be 26 feet.

Other Considerations When Calculating Total Dynamic Head

A few other factors also have an impact on the Total Dynamic Head. These include viscosity, specific gravity, and temperature. The specific gravity of a liquid can slightly alter the friction losses. Likewise, viscosity can significantly increase friction losses. 
For any information on centrifugal pumps, multistage centrifugal pumps, horizontal multistage pumps, or vertical pumps, feel free to call us at 022 43436655 or email us at VEMC is the authorised Kirloskar dealer that deals in the entire range of pumps suited for various operations. VMC is an ISO 9001:2015 certified company with a rich industry experience of 72 years.

What is pump cavitation? How to get rid of it

What is pump cavitation?

Cavitation is one of the most common issues in centrifugal pumps. Often this surfaces as strange noise, vibration and reduced performance of the pump. Prevention of cavitation is necessary as this may otherwise impact the lifespan of the pump. But before talking about the ways to prevent it, let’s understand what cavitation really is.

What is cavitation?

Cavitation is simply the accumulation of bubbles around the pump impeller. Bubbles are formed in liquids of any viscosity and when these burst inside the pump, high energy shock waves are created inside the pump. This is analogous to the ripples created in a pond when you throw a stone into it. However, with the enormous number of bubbles exploding inside the liquid, cavitation can cause serious erosion of pump components over time.

How does pump cavitation occur?

When the pressure quickly drops below the vapour pressure, bubbles or voids are formed inside the liquid. When the same bubbles experience high pressure, they collapse and create small shockwaves in the process. These shockwaves create tiny holes in the pump components over a period of time. This is called “pitting”.

How to prevent pump cavitation

1. You can prevent pump cavitation most effectively by increasing the pressure upstream from the pump’s impeller. This pressure is called Net Positive Suction Head (NPSH). NPSH can be increased in the following ways:

  • By increasing the water level of the upstream reservoir
  • By adding an inducer to the pump inlet
  • By reducing the flow losses upstream
  • By operating the pump at lower flow rates

2. Even the smallest amount of air going into the pump can cause cavitation. Check and make sure all the joints and connections are sealed perfectly well. Check all the O-rings and any other mechanical seals regularly. Cavitation can also be caused by the bubbles created by a foaming liquid. In such a case, run the pump slower and remove all the contents periodically, including air.

3. Use a booster pump to reduce the pressure on your primary pump. Increase the liquid level around the suction area and if possible, reduce the temperature of the pump, liquid or other components.

Types of cavitation

Let’s try to understand two of the most common types of cavitation, that is, suction cavitation and discharge cavitation.

1. Suction cavitation

Also known as classical cavitation, this happens when the pump is under low pressure or high vacuum conditions. Pressure is dropped instantly when the liquid being pumped enters the eye of a centrifugal pump. Bubbles or cavities are formed near the eye of the impeller which gradually move to areas of higher pressure.

2. Discharge cavitation

This happens when a pump discharge pressure is extremely high or the flow is restricted and cannot leave the pump. This results in majority of the pump fluid getting circulated within the pump. The bursting of bubbles creates intense shockwaves, resulting in premature wear and tear of the impeller.

VEMC is a Kirloskar authorised dealer and deals in swimming pool pumps, submersible sewage pumps, vertical turbine pumps etc. We also offer AMC services for pumps and resolve technical issues. Avail our services by giving us a call on 022 43436655 or email us at