Industrial Air Compressor: Application, Uses & Working

Industry-used air compressors are very different from your regular home-used air compressor. If you are unaware of industrial air compressors’ features and capabilities, it would be tough to use them in the industry.

How does compressed air work? 

The compressed air basics are apparent. Compressed air is only air that is held under pressure more significant than the atmosphere. Compressed air technology has been around for decades, but it has progressed like any other technology. It is commonly used commercially and residentially, but compressed air technology’s industrial applications are enormous.

 An air compressor functions similarly to that of your car engine. Pistons press down on a combination of air and gasoline in your car engine. The mixture compresses and then ignites, which generates energy. An air compressor does the same thing, in the simplest form. A piston forces air down in the compressor, pressurizes it, and stores it in the underlying tank. The air compressor used today can hold vast quantities of pressurized air in its tanks because of technology.

Most Common Industry Applications

Air compressors are used in various industrial applications, from the production of pharmaceuticals and food and beverages to nuclear power and the production of chemicals and petrochemicals. The design, engineering, and service capabilities provide a broad cross-section of industries with efficient operations and cost savings. Industries that routinely use highly compressed air volumes include the following:

Petrochemical / Chemical

Chemical & petrochemical plants require compressed air of very high quality. Additionally, these plants also choose inherently safe systems regardless of the unsafe environments that might occur.

Pharmaceutical

As with the chemical and petrochemical industries, there are stringent criteria for compressed air for pharmaceutical applications. It is essential to provide compressed air of the highest quality, especially when the air contacts raw materials or finished products.

Food and Beverage

Again, the Food and Beverage Industries demand high-purity air supplied consistently as with pharmaceuticals. The atmosphere that could come into contact with the substance of food or drink must be safe.

Manufacturing

In general, compressed air quality may vary widely in manufacturing applications, depending on the use. Some applications need an air of general-purpose, while others require a mixture of general-purpose and instrument grades of higher quality.

Metal Manufacturing

Air compressors are used for several processes at the finishing end at metal production plants. Pressurized air is used as newly shaped metals take shape to power the pneumatic tools that cut raw metal supplies into measured lengths and specified conditions. The grinding tools that smooth out and clean the surfaces of metal items are often used by air compressors to power them.

 Ships Building

The shipbuilding processes involve a complex arsenal of instruments and machinery, many of which depend on air compressors. Air-powered tools are used to cut the pieces, smooth the surfaces, refine the edges, and attach separate components into one during shipbuilding phases where the parts are made. Further rounds of pneumatic tools are used after the assembly stages to paint and apply finishes to different naval vessel details.

Uses

Energy Air is, first of all, used to store and transfer energy for mechanical work. It is used to power pneumatic manufacturing machinery, air-operated lathe chucks, pressure clean parts, and manufacturing to convey or cool components.

On the other hand, active air is needed as a dynamic and integral part of a specific method. In this situation, the air comes into contact with the product; the air quality is, therefore, essential.  The air compressor dealers in Navi Mumbai ensure clean, dry air quality, or CDA quality for short, is improved using oil-free compressors and treating the air using one of the many quality air tools available. 

5 Basic Questions Need to Ask Before Purchasing the Air Compressor

A compressor has a wide variety of applications in various businesses and manufacturing industries. When you think about an air compressor, the one thing that pops in mind is that it is present at almost every shop from the garage to the dentist’s office. The popularity of the compressor is because it is reliable and can work in virtually any setup and keep well to the pace. But many a time people are made fools just because they don’t know anything about compressors while buying one. Here is a checklist of questions that will help buy a new compressor. Answering these questions will help in finalizing the right air compressor based on your needs.

What is the application for which the compressor is required?

The answer to this question decides the type of compressor that you are going to buy. The size of the compressor is determined by the most crucial factor that is the type of application you are using it. Also decide how long you intend to use the compressor whether it is 10 or 20 hours a day, five days a week, or only occasionally. Buy a perfect compressor like a screw compressor if your demands are consistent. If the needs are constant, get a compressor that is designed for a duty-cycle which equals or exceeds specified requirements.

Where will the compressor be placed?

The second main question that you have to answer before buying a compressor.

For example, if it is to be installed outdoors, the compressor would require superior protection against rain and heat. The compressor must have adequate ventilation for proper functioning since most reciprocating compressors are air-cooled. The compressor should not be placed inside of a closet. The closet, in most cases, won’t have enough ventilation to handle the heat produced by the compressor. Also, be mindful that sunlight doesn’t fall on the equipment and the noise generated it.

How much PSI do you require?

The PSI of the compressor will differ based on the type of work that you perform. The demand for compressor pressure depends on the needs of the tools that you are using. Check the system that requires the highest volume of air and use that as a reference to select the compressor. Also, be careful that you do not overpressure the system. Go according to the specification of the manufacturer. The pressure also determines whether the unit should be a single-stage or two-stage compressor.

How much airflow (CFM) does your operation require?

Cubic feet per minute or CFM is the measure of airflow created by the compressor. Sometimes the ideal volume of air is not exactly the ideal CFM ratings. In that case, take a load cycle on the existing compressor for all shifts if possible. Installing a flow meter on the new compressor for a nominal cost can save you thousands in the long run. Once you have determined your flow requirements, you can match that to consider the needs for future growth. Oversized compressors will use more power and increase the cost of power in the long run.

What is the type of control system that you need?

There are three variants of a control system that can be employed in a shop. The first is the start/stop system, the second is the constant speed control, and the last one is the dual control system. The Elgi air compressor has various types and will suit perfectly for your specifications.

Bottom line

Compressors help in maintaining the quality of the shop and efficiency. You can go for a screw air compressor that would be the best choice due to capabilities and functionality.

Does The Current Pandemic Situation Will Impact the Renewable Energy Sector?

The novel coronavirus 2019 has reset the global economy while the impact of the virus on the energy sector is no different. The slowdown and the lockdown have led to a remarkable decline in the demand for energy globally. While the after-effects of the pandemic are still being played out; there will be some impact on the renewable energy sector. 

The recent situation presents both opportunities and threats to the renewable energy sector. However, since the total energy generated using renewable sources is via an off-grid solar system or wind energy, the impact on this sector shall be rather low. Due to the slowdown in demand of renewable resources during this short-term, the number of new renewable energy projects may experience a slight downfall. In addition, the ongoing projects that have already been announced shall experience some delay altogether that will turn the demand of renewable energy at a low rate. 

-In the medium term, however, the demand for renewable energy is again expected to again reach the pre-pandemic situation and that shall lead to opportunities. The disruption of the supply chain has created a shortage of equipment like an on-grid solar system, panels for renewable energy providers in India. While this is negative for the short term, over the medium term, it has led to an excellent opportunity for the local manufacturers of equipment for renewable energy. Indigenous companies manufacturing equipment for renewable energy shall now be able to gain a foothold in this market.  An increase in the local supply of equipment shall give a boost to renewable energy production in India and other emerging economies.

The reset of the energy demand caused by a pandemic is a once in a lifetime opportunity for countries like India to pursue clean-energy more aggressively. The pandemic has made governments globally realize the importance of public health on the accelerating switch from the polluting fossil fuel economy to the renewable energy economy. The governments shall focus on providing incentives, subsidies and stimulus packages on the renewable sector to move away from the adverse effects of fossil fuels. 

For India, specifically, over the medium term, this pandemic offers tremendous opportunities. Since the oil prices shall be much lower, it will free-up the government’s resources w.r.t foreign reserves. The government may use these resources to give a boost to renewable energy, as a means to focus on long-term public health. These incentives and subsidies would help develop a complete ecosystem of renewable energy right from equipment manufacturers to service providers. Globally, the pandemic has made people realize to de-risk their entire supply chain from a single country. This shall provide new opportunities for the renewable energy sector in India to export their products and service globally in the post-pandemic world. 

All the after-effects of the pandemic would be realized once the situation is restored to normal post the pandemic. However, the short-term is going to be extremely difficult for the renewable energy sector globally. Reduction in overall energy demand, supply chain disruptions, unavailability of inspectors, servicemen and installers shall lead to short term adversity for the entire sector. However, the pandemic has created a tremendous opportunity for the governments over the globe to come together and focus on public health by giving a boost to global renewable energy demand through incentives and subsidies. For India, over the medium term, as a means to de-risk the supply chain, the pandemic shall open opportunities for renewable energy equipment manufacturers. 

How Does Water Pump Contribute As A Back-Bone For Industrial Sectors

All pumping equipment is intended for one purpose, and specifically, for pumping water. They can be used in communal systems, in industry, and even in everyday life. For example, you can bring the installation of a mechanism for pumping wastewater in private sewer systems. Industrial water pumps are more complex. It’s hard to imagine how, presently, the supply and pumping of water can be done without a centrifugal pump. After all, pumps play a crucial role in this process.

In the world pumps, there are various types like Vertical Inline Pumps, Multi Outlet Pumps, and Vertical Split Casing Pumps. This is since it is possible to supply water in different ways, and not only water can be supplied and pumped out, but also other liquids.

It is essential to choose the right pump, in particular when selecting water pumps. For example, centrifugal water pumps or external circulation pumps. The only question is which pump and why.

When choosing a water pump, you can be guided by many criteria, since the choice of products is large, but more important criteria that will prompt the right choice of pump can be:

– Scope

– Tasks that the pump must fulfil

The scope of pumps for water can be domestic and industrial. If water pumps are needed for an enterprise (production, non-production), institutions, or other similar fields, it is necessary to choose water pumps in the industrial category.

Centrifugal pumps are dynamic hydraulic machines and are characterized by low cost in contrast to other devices. The simplicity of design, reliability in operation have led to their wide distribution in various industries. The advantages include continuity of fluid supply, high efficiency and reliability, and ease of automation control. Industrial centrifugal pumps available in India are used in water supply, heat power engineering, chemical, and nuclear industry.

The necessary pressure is created in the pump due to the centrifugal force when the impeller rotates. Inside the housing, the impeller is rigidly mounted on the shaft. When the impeller rotates, a centrifugal force appears, and a vacuum appears in the central part, and pressure increases on the periphery. Therefore, the liquid is pushed into the pressure pipe. Most pumps are driven by an electric motor, which can be located in one housing with the pump unit. Such an electric centrifugal pump has compactness and high efficiency.

Centrifugal pump is divided into several types, depending on the number of stages, the flows flowing along with them, as well as the conditions for liquid drainage, drive method, shaft location, and purpose. For example, a surface centrifugal pump is used to organize water supply from open sources and is installed above the surface of the pumped liquid. The working chamber must be filled with liquid before starting.

To date, the market is simply clogged with pumping equipment. This gives a certain advantage for buyers who can choose for themselves. But you must have knowledge of how the pump is used and its maintenance. Furthermore, getting the ideal type of pump is essential.

Working of ELGI Air Compressor

How ELGI air compressor works?

An air compressor is a device designed to pump compressed air. It is used to ensure the circulation of cooling refrigerant in a closed circuit, and the pumping of pressure into various containers. This equipment is widely used in medicine, industry, and household. Its presence allows you to perform a wide range of actions.

The principle of operation of the ELGI air compressor can be described as follows.

  • When the engine starts, the crankshaft begins to rotate, transmitting reciprocating movements through the connecting rod to the piston.
  • The piston, moving downward, creates a vacuum in the cylinder under the influence of which the inlet valve opens. Due to the difference in air pressure, it begins to be sucked into the cylinder. But before it enters the compression chamber, air passes through the filter.
  • Further, the piston starts to move up. In this case, both valves are in a closed state. At the time of compression, pressure begins to increase in the cylinder, and when it reaches a certain level, the exhaust valve opens.
  • After opening the exhaust valve, compressed air is directed to the receiver.
  • When a certain pressure has entered in the receiver, a pressure switch is activated, and air compression is suspended.
  • When the pressure in the receiver decreases to the set values, the pressure switch starts the engine again.

How to choose an industrial air compressor?

To select the right compressor, first of all, you need to determine how often it will be used, depending on your needs for compressed air.

You are also required to determine if you need a portable compressor or whether it will be used indoors. In this case, it is necessary to ensure good ventilation of the compressor to make sure that it has optimal cooling.

Also, consider the continuous running time of the compressor. Manufacturers usually indicate the duty cycle on these elements. This duty cycle allows you to determine the duration of the compressor for one hour. 

Purpose and principle of operation

What is an air compressor? This is a device designed to compress air and pump them to the required place. How does it work? The principle of operation of the ELGI compressor is quite simple; atmospheric air enters the mechanism that performs its compression. For this, different methods can be used. The mechanism that compresses the air determines the device and the principles of operation of the compressor. For the effective operation of the equipment, it must be connected to the electric network and the air network, through which compressed air will be transmitted. 

Common problems of air compressor

Unit overheating

Usually, the unit may overheat when operating in intensive mode or at an increased ambient temperature in the room. If the unit still overheats under standard operating conditions and normal room temperatures, then a clogged air filter may be the reason behind the malfunction. It should be removed and washed, then dry it properly.

Knock on the cylinder

It is caused by a breakdown or wear of the piston rings due to carbon deposits. Usually, it appears if you use low-quality oil. Knocking-in the cylinder can also be caused by wear on the connecting rod. These parts should be replaced with new ones. When the cylinder and piston are worn, repair of the air compressor consists of boring the cylinder and replacing the piston.

ELGI air compressors are very essential since they require small maintenance. Apart from that, they are highly reliable and huge. This is the reason why they are good for industrial applications. Ensure that you look for reputable dealers in the same product. You may opt for the ELGI air compressor dealers in Mumbaiwho are reliable and have the best products.

Applications of Screw Air Compressor in the Paper and Textile Industry

Air compressors are used widely across all industries. They serve a variety of purposes in the least possible time. The capacity and capabilities of a screw air compressor depend upon its usage and applications. Screw compressors are usually large due to their capacity to receive the air. The larger the size of the tank of the compressor the greater is its capacity. The engine size of a screw air compressor is larger than a normal compressor to successfully carry out various functions. The power consumption of a reciprocating air compressor is large. It requires a considerable amount of energy to function and serve various purposes.

Following are some of the applications of screw air compressor in the paper and textile industry:

  1. Spinning: One of the major functions of an Elgi air compressor is spinning. A screw air compressor is used in paper and textile industries for spinning. A screw air compressor also helps in a ring, air-jet spinning as well as open too. A screw air compressor makes it easy to spin the textile and achieve the desired outcome.
  2. Texturing: In the paper and textile industry, one of the major concerns is the texture of the final product. A screw compressor is used at various stages in a factory to get the perfect texture of the product. In this process, yarn is intermingled with the help of a nozzle and the jet. The pressure generated during this process helps one to achieve the texture required.
  3. Air-jet weaving: the modern technique of air-jet weaving is popular for its swift results and perfect alignment. A screw air compressor is used to blow a yarn with weft transportation. This is one of the most crucial stages; it requires technical expertise and complete know-how to ensure the yarn is blown optimally while using the right combination of machinery and industrial equipment.
  4. Pneumatic conveying: A screw air compressor is used for pneumatic transport and allied works. The screw air compressor is extensively used for fabric and PET chips. They ensure flawless performance and provide optimum results in the least possible time. 
  5. Man-made fibre production: A reciprocating air compressor is used for the production of partially oriented yarn (POY) and fully oriented yarn (FOY). The air compressor enables faster production of quality yarns. However, the size of the screw compressor depends upon its application and production capacity too.
  6. Garmenting process: There are several processes involved in the production of the garment. Some of them include printing, stitching, marking, cutting, laying, and much more. An air compressor can be highly useful in streamlining the process and scheduling the production too. A screw compressor optimizes the process of production. Therefore, it is widely used in the textile industry. 
  7. Dyeing textiles: Screw air compressor helps one to transfer a yarn to spool or cone for dyeing and other purposes. Compressed air is used for dyeing purposes and dyes the fabric/textile with the planned colour. 
  8. Packaging: The screw air compressor is used to wind the yarn and package them as per one’s needs. Packaging plays a very important role whether it is textiles or paper. The wrap beams and air compressors are used together for packaging purposes and wrapping too. Compressed air is also used for sizing the paper and textile products.
  9. Combing: Combing is the process of removing impurities and short fibres with the help of rollers and brushes. The screw air compressor can make this difficult task much easier and organized. One can get a pure version of output with minimal efforts with the help of the screw compressor.
  10. Treating wastewater: One of the most important parts of production is managing wastewater and wastage. Whether it is the textile industry or paper, it is imperative to efficiently plan wastewater treatment to get rid of the impurities optimally. The screw air compressor can facilitate wastewater treatment with utmost efficacy.

Valid Contribution of Fighter Fighting Pump Set For the Industrial Sector

The industrial sector is highly reliant on pump sets for their daily functioning. Reliable pump performance and the use of good pump sets like that of the Kirloskar pumps are crucial. 

The fire fighting pump sets have been used in the industrial sector since time immemorial for emergencies and precautionary measures. It can be powered by steam, electricity, or diesel. It is always connected to the industry’s water supply source. The fire fighting pump set generates water at increased pressures to douse the flames. The pump manufacturers in Mumbai manufacture them with features that enable easy attachment to a sprinkler system or hose pipe fittings. They are specially designed to cater to the building requirements of the industrial sectors whether it may be oil and natural gas, energy sector, mining, factories, manufacturing units, and more. The Kirloskar Pumps available in Mumbai are made by experts in protecting the industrial sectors against fire hazards. 

The industrial sector is highly reliant on pump sets for their daily functioning. Reliable pump performance and the use of good pump sets like that of the Kirloskar pumps are crucial. 

The fire fighting pump sets have been used in the industrial sector since time immemorial for emergencies and precautionary measures. It can be powered by steam, electricity, or diesel. It is always connected to the industry’s water supply source. The fire fighting pump set generates water at increased pressures to douse the flames. The pump manufacturers in Mumbai manufacture them with features that enable easy attachment to a sprinkler system or hose pipe fittings. They are specially designed to cater to the building requirements of the industrial sectors whether it may be oil and natural gas, energy sector, mining, factories, manufacturing units, and more. The Kirloskar Pumps available in Mumbai are made by experts in protecting the industrial sectors against fire hazards. 

The fire fighting pump sets have made major contributions to the industrial sector. It includes the following:

  • It is effective in timely emergencies, in minimizing damage caused to the expensive and indispensable industrial equipment. 
  • Kirloskar pump dealer in Mumbai recommends them to save industries against the risk of plant and equipment failure. This saves against catastrophic losses to the industrial sectors. Such dangers are absent in the other fields which makes the Kirloskar pumps set applications in Mumbai unique. 
  • Industries use a wide range of chemicals for the manufacture of products which makes the use of these fire fighting pump sets also extensive. 
  • Fire fighting pump sets have made contributions towards industries such as the chemical manufacturing industries, pharmaceutical companies, petrochemical industry, food, and beverage industry, and more. 
  • Pump manufacturers in Pune say that there is a high demand from industries that require high applications of liquid and solid contents. 
  • Kirloskar Pumps are also effective in industries that use abrasive and highly corrosive substances. 
  • Kirloskar Pumps are also preferred by engineers for its easy and reliable application. The Kirloskar pump dealer in Mumbai provides complete instructions and details regarding the design, setting up, and installations of the fire pumps.  This enables the onsite engineer at the industry to set up themselves and control the flow of water and pressure. 
  • Kirloskar Pumps Dealers In Mumbai supply them for those industries whose manufacturing processes include the input of dangerous substances and highly corrosive chemicals to obtain chemical end products. 
  • Fire fighting pump sets have also made huge contributions to Industrial processes that include the alteration of the PH levels to obtain the right biochemical reactions.
  • It keeps the operators, engineers, and workers safe at the fertilizer industries. It reduces risks such as skin cancers, tissue damage, and respiratory disorders from harmful chemicals. 
  • Kirloskar Pumps in Mumbai protect users from coming in direct contact with the acids that cause respiratory failure, loss of eyesight, and overall health. 
  • Pumps that deliver an outlet after maximum water pressure for sprinkler systems, hoses, and standpipes are offered by pump manufacturers in Pune. The water outlet and the pressure can be easily regulated and controlled. Fire Fighting pump sets are the best option when the entire water supply is Connected through a non-pressurized water tank or when the already existing pressure is inadequate.

Difference between Magnetic Driven Centrifugal Pump & Mechanical Seal Centrifugal Pump

It’s undoubtedly a difficult choice to make between a magnetically driven centrifugal pump and a mechanical seal centrifugal pump! To save you some time and constant Google searches, let’s give you a gist about the main comparison between the two: 

  • Sealing the fluid

In the sealed centrifugal pumps, the presence of a mechanical seal prevents fluid leakage even while the water pump is in operation. On the other hand, magnetic water pumps do not require a seal since it has a containment shell at the end that ensures a safe enclosure for any leakage to happen. 

  • Maintenance cost and life

In sealed centrifugal pumps, there is a continuous movement between the parts which are in close contact with each other. This arrangement results in easy wear down of the elements and hence, constant maintenance costs. But, because the magnetic submersible motors do not contain any seal, there’s no need for replacements, which costs less. 

  • Application of fluid types 

The mechanical centrifugal motor is capable of pumping out some hazardous fluid, but there’s always a scope for leakage there. Whereas, magnetic pumps due to their inherent design are comparatively safer for hazardous liquids as there is zero scope of leakage. Also, hazardous liquids are generally more expensive and require safe use, which proves magnetic pumps to be more effective for the purpose. 

Vijay Engineering and Machinery Company, one of the best pump dealers in Mumbai, provides a wide range of Kirloskar pumps like submersible pumps, water pumps, submersible motors, etc. Click here to know more about the products and services we provide! 

Difference Between A Centrifugal Pump And A Vacuum Pump


Centrifugal pumps and vacuum pumps differ from each other for multiple reasons, and here is the detailed explanation for both that reflects those reasons: 

Centrifugal Pumps 

Popularly known as hydrodynamic pumps and dynamic pressure pumps as well, centrifugal pumps are manufactured by making use of the primary centrifugal forces. The flow happens when the kinetic energy produced with the help of a rotating turbine or electric motor is turned to pressure in the liquid. 

If kept in comparison with a vacuum or any other pump for a fact, these water pumps are easier to install. Unlike others, they are manufactured with the help of the back pullout-design process. When a repair is required, the parts can be taken apart and restarted within a short period.

Vacuum Pumps 

Vacuum pumps are those types of submersible pumps that are used to pump out the gases, leaving a partial vacuum aside. While choosing the best vacuum pump among many, the flow of air removal in the pump, the amount of vacuum that is produced, and the power required to create the vacuum are some of the factors that need to be considered. Keeping this in mind, it’s mandatory that the manufacturers should provide information on flow-rating availability. 

When put in comparison with other pumps used in submersible motors, vacuum pumps have comparatively lower power requirements. For continuous pumping, large-sized vacuum pumps are put to use. The only drawback that vacuum pumps have that centrifugal motor doesn’t is that they get overheated if put in continuous use. 

Be it centrifugal pumps or submersible motors, VEMC provides only the best and proves that it is one of the renowned pump dealers in India and the trustworthy distributors of the reliable Kirloskar pumps. Whether it is the best water pump dealers in Navi Mumbai or topping the list of pump dealers in Vashi, VEMC has never failed to excel. Check out our website for more!